The colours of New Brunswick
New Brunswick in the fall is a spectacular kaleidoscope of colours.
Undulating hills full of gold and red greet those who take to the roads to explore this beautiful province.
Conifers and deciduous trees grow in alternating stands, creating ribbons of deep greens and vivid gold.
Farms of various sizes add to the varied texture of the landscape, echoing a past back to the 1700s when early settlers were arriving.
They would have faced a forest of deep roots, rocks and towering trunks, and while they attempted to shape the forest to their need to farm, the forest in turn shaped them. Many became loggers, bringing the timbered wood down the long rivers to be collected and milled.
New Brunswick's hills and valleys are a beautiful patchwork of forest and field, and modern-day farming methods have helped agriculture continue to be an important part of the economic activities of this vast province. From overhead, it would look like an elaborate quilt of carefully pieced blocks of tilled land, edged with wildly willful weavings of forest stands.
Small lakes also dot the landscape, edged by cattails and other marsh plants, while ducks and geese and other waterfowl rise and fall across the shining expanse.
The colours of New Brunswick are among the most spectacular in Canada. The golds are as crisp as the autumn air, and the brilliant reds speak of sugar and maple, and sweet piles of breakfast pancakes with sausage.
The settlers of New Brunswick came from different directions. At first they eased in side by side with the Indigenous people who have lived on this land for many thousands of years.
At first, young sons from the south, before the War of Independence, came to find land to farm. When United States formed and broke away from British rule, those who supported the British Empire also came north. Land was alloted to them by the British government, and with great struggles they settled or died.
Eventually, the families spread out thoughout the area, seeking better, more farmable land.
The Irish also joined the growing communities, leaving their homeland to escape poverty and to create a new future for themselves.
Other nationalities also were represented as new Canadians from many other countries merged into the communities and workforces of this amazingly pretty but tough province.
The stories of those settlers are carved into the stones standing around the churches which dot the countryside. Some churches are small, some are larger, and all stand like beacons to the past as their congregations slowly dwindle. The communities that once surrounded them have all but disappeared, impacted by the lure of city life which thrives in several locations.
There is also the ocean, with its protected parks and pristine beaches. Its deep blues shift with the mood of the sky, and the weather, which can at times include a passing hurricane.
All along the shore are shells of many types cast up to tell the tale of another world of creatures who live beneath the waves. Clam shells in varying shades litter the shore, and even in this state they are part of a fragile ecosystem which is protected and cherished, not only locally or provincially, but nationally as well. This is the great Atlantic Ocean.
New Brunswick is on the cusp of a new future. People from across Canada and beyond are seeking the wide open spaces which this pristine province offers. Young families are finding a new future, often close to the ocean. New Brunswick and other parts of the Maritimes are seeing a resurgence as Canadians look elsewhere to leave the crush of the cities.
Just as the waves are constantly reshaping the shores, the province also changes with the populations. New Brunswick seems to be the fallback place where people go to seek out a new future, from the distant past to the present.
From the time of the mastadons to the present day of manicured lawns and merchant stores, New Brunswick continues to offer itself up as a place to be.